Our teeth are covered by an extremely strong and highly mineralised tissue called dental enamel. Dental enamel is rich in minerals, making it extremely strong and resistant to bacterial chemical attacks. Tooth decay occurs when dental enamel is destroyed and the underlying, weaker and sensitive tissues, dentine and pulp, are exposed. 

Tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems worldwide. According to the Australian Dental Association, almost one in every three Australians aged 15 and above have untreated tooth decay. Decayed teeth not only cause significant pain and discomfort but can also create difficulty in eating and speaking, and negatively affect one’s smile and facial aesthetics. 

If you or a loved one has tooth decay, there is no need to worry. Our best general dentist in Nowra NSW will treat it to relieve pain and restore your smile.

What Causes Tooth Decay?

The foremost reason behind tooth decay is poor oral hygiene. When we brush our teeth, we remove a sticky layer on our teeth comprising food debris and bacterial colonies called dental plaque. When regular brushing and flossing are ignored, the dental plaque remains adherent and hardens over time to become calculus. 

Both calculus and tartar provide an ideal environment for the harmful bacteria to live inside them and replicate. During this process, they release harmful toxins that make the saliva acidic. This results in the removal of minerals from the enamel into the oral cavity, leaving the enamel weak and vulnerable. This is called tooth decay. 

Over time, the weakened enamel layer is destroyed and the underlying dentine and pulp tissues are exposed. At this stage, you will only experience transient pain that goes away as soon as you stop drinking or eating hot or cold. This problem can be easily treated by removing the damaged tissue and replacing it with a suitable filling. However, if treatment is not done timely, the pulp gets irreversibly inflamed causing continuous, severe toothache. When this occurs, your dentist will treat the problem by performing root canal treatment in Nowra.

How is Tooth Decay Treated?

Tooth decay is an irreversible process. Once the process is initiated, your dentist can take measures to prevent its further progression. However, the already damaged tooth structure has to be removed and replaced with a suitable filling material. For teeth with mild to moderate decay, a dental filing is sufficient. However, for larger cavities, there is a need to reinforce the tooth after the filling using a porcelain crown.

Is Tooth Decay Preventable?

While tooth decay can cause many medical and dental complications, the good news is that it is preventable. The Australian Dental Association provides a four-step strategy to prevent dental decay: 

  1. Brushing your teeth twice daily using a fluoride toothpaste
  2. Flossing at least once daily to ensure optimal internal cleaning
  3. Eating a tooth-friendly diet low in refined sugars and rich in dietary fibre
  4. Visiting your dentist Nowra NSW regularly

Besides, your best dentist Nowra will also use various preventive options such as dental sealants and fluoride varnishes to ensure that your teeth remain healthy and can resist tooth decay. 

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Tooth decay and plaque is a leading source of poor oral health. But it can be fixed.

We're here to answer your questions

Cavities are bacterial infections that compromise the structure and integrity of your teeth. They gradually spread deeper into teeth and neighbouring tooth structures unless they’re treated as early as possible.
Tooth decay symptoms can include pain, sensitivity when you’re eating/drinking, rough edges on your tooth, or may be completely asymptomatic. An exam and X-ray may be the only way to determine if you have a cavity and how extensive it is.

Minimally invasive white fillings are one of the best treatments for cavities. Our Nowra dentists will match the restoration so that it blends in with your smile.

Think you have a cavity? Call South Coast Dentists today.

We completely understand that going to dentist can be a nervous time for many. Our staff are trained to provide alternate options that will help ease your nerves and make you as comfortable as possible.
We offer a wide range of services and will only suggest a suitable solution if we are confident that this is the right solution to hit your goals.

At South Coast Dentists, our dentists will make every effort to restore decayed teeth. Typically, teeth with mild to moderate decay can be restored while those with extensive decay may need to be extracted and replaced with an implant-supported prosthesis

Our cosmetic dentist Nowra uses high-quality tooth-coloured filling materials to restore damaged teeth. A single filling can cost you anywhere between $195 and $495. Additional charges may be incurred if there is a need to reinforce the tooth with a crown.

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